The City of Cape Town recently received an award from the South African Institution of Civil Engineering (SAICE) for the rehabilitation of the Strand sea wall to protect Beach Road along the beachfront from windblown sand and frequent flooding.
The project was recognised for technical excellence in the marine and harbour category. This new sea wall was designed to withstand storms by deflecting water and sand, and to endure the impact of climate change for the next 30 years, the City said in a statement.
The SAICE annually recognises the most outstanding civil engineering achievements in the industry, by awarding projects which portray the art and science of civil engineering to the general public; and those which illustrate innovative solutions to challenging civil engineering problems.
“The refurbishment of the Strand sea wall is certainly one of the most innovative and impressive projects the City has delivered. Together with our partners, we were able to display the engineering creativity the construction design required. Apart from the critical protection of the beachfront, we have also upgraded the promenade and trading area to the benefit of all who live and work here,” said the City’s mayoral committee member for transport, Felicity Purchase.
Some of the criteria for this award included whether the project displayed unique features; how the impact on the environment were managed during the implementation thereof; and whether the project displayed engineering ingenuity.
The City has invested R103 million in the construction of the sea wall and upgrade of the promenade to date.
This formed part of the first phase of the City’s Strand Pavilion precinct upgrade project from the Strand Pavilion precinct to Da Gama Street. The remainder of the wall will be rehabilitated in future phases.
A multifaceted solution was needed to protect the coastal infrastructure, with due consideration made in the context of climate change and sea level rise; the impact construction would have on the beach aesthetics and pedestrian access; as well as the strict environmental management controls which needed to be implemented.
The sea wall had to be high enough to meet the overtopping design requirements, but also allow a reasonable line of sight of the sea for the public.
The refurbished sea wall consists of about 600 L-shaped precast concrete wall units. Each unit was placed onto a foundation designed to support the weight of the precast concrete units, between 14 and 16 tons each.
Furthermore, on the seaward side of the wall, the City placed gabion mattresses on the foundation to protect the wall units against erosion that may result from tidal action.
These gabion mattresses and concrete wall units are now covered with sand and only about 0.8 metres of the concrete wall is visible above the promenade level. The wall units were designed to accommodate a sea level rise of 50% of the projected 100-year forecast and can be removed and raised in a future extension of the wall height, if deemed necessary, due to climate change.
A five metre-wide promenade was also created along the seaward side of Beach Road, stretching from the Da Gama Street in the west to the Strand Pavilion precinct in the east.
The final design and layout of the wall units allowed for renewal and more formal placement of the market place, which initially consisted of ad hoc informal traders on the Beach Road sidewalk.
An example of a unique and economical solution the engineering team needed to implement during the construction phase was the use of beach sand in large sand bags in order to create the berms required to protect the excavation against the high tides and waves during construction.
Thereafter the sand in the berms was finally used to re-establish the beach level and backfill behind the sea-wall in order to preserve the beach sand as required.
“This precinct remains a great asset for the city. I’m happy to say that since we’ve completed phase one we have seen many more visitors to this precinct,” said Ms Purchase.